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Title PEMSEA: An Effective Marine Environment Institution for Northeast Asia?
Journal name Asian Journal of Climate Change and Sustainable Development: Law, Economics and Politics
Author Goeun Lee
Co_author -
Section Journal
Number Vol.1 No. 1
Date 2012.04
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Abstract


Northeast Asia is striving to protect the marine environment of the region from further pollution and damage. In the line of the efforts, many institutions have been established through the cooperation by littoral states and other international organizations, including Partnerships in Environment Management of Seas of East Asia (PEMSEA). This paper analyzes the effectiveness of PEMSEA as an international environmental institution which aims to protect and manage the various bodies of water in the region. Based on the Integrated Coastal Management (ICM) program, PEMSEA has positively influenced the process of policymaking and implementation by appropriately raising the issues of marine and coastal environment as an agenda, facilitating international and regional agreements between littoral states for protective action, and supporting the implementation of national level measures. Moreover, PEMSEA’s ICM projects in the Bohai Sea of China and Nampho of North Korea are meaningful activities among the Northeast Asian marine protection efforts, as no other institutions have been able to address these areas. With PEMSEA’s new legal status as an international organization, it stands to exert greater capacity in protecting the oceans and marine ecosystems of Northeast Asia.

 

Keywords: marine environment protection, Northeast Asia, PEMSEA, institutional effectiveness, integrated coastal management (ICM)

 

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